Nizhny Novgorod also called as Nizhny is a city in Russia which is the fifth largest city in the Russian Federation. It is also known to be an administrative centre of the Nizhny Novgorod Region and is also a centre of the Volga Federal District (Privolzhsky). Being the largest city in Russia, Nizhny is the most important center for transport and economy of Russia and also has cultural significance in the country. The city was formerly called as Gorky, named after the world-renowned Russian and Soviet writer, Maxim Gorky from 1932 to 1990 as he was born in this city.
The climate of Nizhny
The region of Nizhny has a humid continental climate which is same as the climate in the city of Moscow. It is colder during the winters in the months of November until March and is covered with snow throughout this season.
Historical sites in Nizhny
Tourists often visit the popular historical site called the Kremlin which has a church, a war monument and a museum which displays ancient art. The view of this site along the Volga River is very impressive.
The Yarmarka is another place of historical significance as it is a nineteenth century complex and includes exhibition and conference halls within the complex.
Other places in the Nizhny that are worthy to be visited are the Square of Minin and Pozharsky, which is known to be the main square of Nizhny located at the south-east direction of the Kremlin.
Famous museums of Nizhny Novgorod
The house of the famous Russian writer Maxim Gorky who was born in this city is now converted into a museum for the tourists. This museum is a big house that has several rooms and maintains the atmosphere of the early 1900s.
The museum-flat of the famous human rights activist who was also known as the father of the H-bomb, Andrey Sakharov is located in Nizhny. The museum can be seen inside the flat or the apartment house.
Another popular museum in Nizhny is the museum of steam engines that displays 15 engines which were constructed in different countries before the year 1950. The museum is located some 200 meters away from the suburb station of Nizhny called "Nizhny Novgorod Sortirovochnaya".
Nizhegorodsky Ostrog also known as the museum of prison is located in the city of Nizhny Novgorod. This museum was built in the year 1823-1824 and had many famous writers and politicians amongst its prisoners.
The monuments in Nizhny Novgorod
The monument to Valery Chkalov is a popular monument in the city that was built in the memory of the Russian aircraft test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union, Valery Chkalov. He was also known for his ultra long flights starting from Moscow till Vancouver through the North Pole.
Other popular monuments in the city are that of the Russian writer Maxim Gorky, the monument of Alexander Pushkin which is located at the entrance of the Opera and Ballet theatre, the monuments of Prince George and Saint Simon of Suzdal which are found inside the Kremlin, etc.